Styles of Leadership

Leaders are the prime movers of any organization. They have a big responsibility on their hands. It is the leaders who try to steer the whole organization towards the direction that it is supposed to go in order to achieve goals and be successful.

A leader makes use of a certain leadership style that is effective in driving a small group or a large company towards achieving a vision.

Different leaders make use of leadership styles that are based on their personal beliefs, perceived values as well as their chosen preferences.

The most effective leaders in the world are those that make use of a certain leadership style that comes natural to them. Here is a list of the different types of leadership styles and the type of leaders that use them:

Charismatic Leadership

This type of leadership style mainly focuses on the charisma and personality of the leader. Charismatic leaders do not rely on any form of external power or authority in order to gather followers. Charisma alone gives this type of leader the ability to bring together followers. The charismatic leader is being looked upon as a hero who can do anything.

Followers tend to look at their charismatic leader as a parent who can nurture and provide the guidance that they look for. Charismatic leaders are looked upon by their followers as someone with legendary status. Such leaders have the power to engineer fantastic turnarounds, inspire people to do anything, and instill hope and vision to their followers.

These leaders are usually a personality that people admire and look up to. Charismatic leaders do not have to prove their capacity to lead. The charm and extraordinary personality that they exude is what makes their followers think highly of them.

Charismatic leaders inspire trust, faith and belief from their followers. This is a not a guarantee that the the vision of a charismatic leader will always be correct, ethical, or successful. Presence alone instills awe and respect from organizational members who follow with such zealousness and blind faith that everything the leader envisions is right and just. That is where the danger of this type of leadership style can come from.

A charismatic leader has the great responsibility of looking after and care for his followers. A good charismatic leader should have a long-term commitment to lead. A half-hearted leader who suddenly step down on a pedestal made for him can lead followers to feel betrayed, bitter and disillusioned.

Participative Leadership or Democratic Leadership

This type of leadership style is effective where collective effort is regarded as the force that makes an organization or a group move forward. A democratic leader tries to involve members in the decision process instead of imposing his personal will. Member’s opinions and rights are highly regarded in the decision making process in this type of leadership style.

The participative leadership style relies on consultation and joint decision-making with organizational members. This type of leadership style instills empowerment and power-sharing among its members. The level of participation of the members in this type of leadership style may depend on certain objectives.

Member participation may be required in the implementation of goals and company vision whereas certain tasks such as individual performance evaluation may require limited participation in order to make the decisions.

The disadvantage of this type of leadership style may stem from a lengthy process involving a large number of people to make decisions. A good democratic leader must have keen foresight has the ability to effectively assess situations and problems long before they happen in order to give sufficient time for members to come up with decisions and solutions in this highly participative process.

Servant Leadership

This term, which was first coined by Robert Greenleaf in the 1970’s, describes a type of leadership approach where a leader is not often formally recognized as one in a group or organization. A servant leader is someone who leads by virtue of trying to meet the needs of his or her team. Servant leadership may also be considered as a form of democratic leadership as the decision-making process usually involves the participation of the whole team.

Servant leaders are seen to be effective when they look highly to the needs of their followers. Service is highly regarded in this leadership style that it requires servant leaders to perform at their best and reach their full potential.

 
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